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 [F] Diseases Research  / PubMed Research Articles  /
Brief mindfulness training de-couples the anxiogenic effects of distress intolerance on reactivity to and recovery from stress among deprived smokers.




Behaviour research and therapy 2017 Jun 18; 95()


Paz R1; Zvielli A2; Goldstein P3; Bernstein A4;

Author Information
  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Haifa, Israel.
  • 2Department of Psychology, University of Haifa, Israel.
  • 3Department of Psychology, University of Haifa, Israel.
  • 4Department of Psychology, University of Haifa, Israel. Electronic address: abernstein@psy.haifa.ac.il.


OBJECTIVE: We tested whether mindfulness de-couples the expected anxiogenic effects of distress intolerance on psychological and physiological reactivity to and recovery from an anxiogenic stressor among participants experimentally sensitized to experience distress.

METHOD: N = 104 daily smokers underwent 18-hours of biochemically-verified smoking deprivation. Participants were then randomized to a 7-min analogue mindfulness intervention (present moment attention and awareness training; PMAA) or a cope-as-usual control condition; and subsequently exposed to a 2.5-min paced over breathing (hyperventilation) stressor designed to elicit acute anxious arousal. Psychological and physiological indices of anxious arousal (Skin Conductance Levels; SCL) as well as emotion (dys)regulation (Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia; RSA) were measured before, during and following the stressor.

RESULTS: We found that PMAA reduced psycho-physiological dysregulation in response to an anxiogenic stressor, as well as moderated the anxiogenic effect of distress intolerance on psychological but not physiological responding to the stressor among smokers pre-disposed to experience distress via deprivation.

CONCLUSIONS: The present study findings have a number of theoretical and clinical implications for work on mindfulness mechanisms, distress tolerance, emotion regulation, and smoking cessation interventions.

Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.




Publication Type: Journal Article

This article is licensed under the the National Library of Medicine License. It uses material from the PubMed National Library of Medicine Data.

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