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 [F] Diseases Research  / PubMed Research Articles  /
Randomized controlled trial of the effect of environment on patient embarrassment and anxiety with urodynamics.




International urogynecology journal 2017 Jun 18; ()


Rezvan A1; Amaya S2; Betson L3; Yazdany T4;

Author Information
  • 1Division of Urogynecology, Mt Talbert Medical Office, Kaiser Northwest Permanente, 10100 SE Sunnyside Rd., Clackamas, OR, 97015-8970, USA. arezvanmd@gmail.com.
  • 2Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA, USA.
  • 3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA, USA.
  • 4Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA, USA.


INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: In previous survey studies, women undergoing urodynamic testing (UDT) have reported bother and embarrassment and have provided suggestions for improving the experience. The suggestions include audio distraction and increased privacy, neither of which have been prospectively examined. We report a prospective randomized controlled trial to evaluate the hypothesis that an improved ambience can decrease UDT-related embarrassment and anxiety.

METHODS: A total of 60 participants were recruited to achieve an 80% power to detect a conservative 20-point difference with a significance level of 0.05. Eligible participants were randomized to one of two conditions: dim lighting with light instrumental music (modified group, 30 patients), or no music and standard lighting (standard group, 30 patients). The aim of the dim lighting and music was to provide an increased sense of privacy and audio distraction based on participant feedback in previous studies.

RESULTS: The study was complete with 60 participants. Patients in both groups reported less embarrassment after UDT. However, patients in the modified group showed a greater decrease in embarrassment scores (9.72 mm) than patients in the standard group (1.3 mm; p = 0.33). Although the study was under-powered, the difference found approached clinical significance.

CONCLUSIONS: Simply dimming the lights and providing music during UDT resulted in a decrease in embarrassment scores of almost ten points. This low-cost and simple measure improved patient experience.




Publication Type: Journal Article

This article is licensed under the the National Library of Medicine License. It uses material from the PubMed National Library of Medicine Data.

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