Ponderal index at birth associates with later risk of gestational diabetes mellitus.
Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
Low birth weight (BW) and low ponderal index (PI) are associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study has two purposes: first to investigate the influence of PI on the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM); second, to study the association between glucose metabolism and BW in women with previous GDM.
- 1Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Copenhagen University Hospital Herlev, Herlev Ringvej 75, 2730, Herlev, Denmark.
- 2Center for Pregnant Women With Diabetes, Department of Obstetrics, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.
- 3Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Section for Metabolic Genetics, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
- 4Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Section for Metabolic Genetics, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
- 5Research Centre for Prevention and Health, Capital Region, Denmark.
- 6Department of Endocrinology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.
- 7Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Copenhagen University Hospital Herlev, Herlev Ringvej 75, 2730, Herlev, Denmark. firstname.lastname@example.org.
GDM cohort: 185 women with GDM in 1978-1996, attending a follow-up study in 2000-2002. Control cohort: 1137 women from a population-based diabetes screening study (Inter99) in a neighbouring county in 1999-2001. BW and birth length were collected from the original midwifery records. BW and PI were stratified into tertiles for analysis.
PI in the lower tertiles was associated with an increased risk of GDM [odds ratio 1.59 (95% confidence interval 1.07-2.36, p = 0.021)]. Among women with previous GDM, the area under the curve (AUC) for plasma levels of glucose and insulin during an OGTT was highest for the lower tertiles of BW (for AUCglucose p = 0.048, for AUCinsulin p = 0.047 adjusted for age and BMI).
Lower PI is associated with increased risk of GDM. In women with previous GDM, lower BW is associated with a more severe impairment of glucose metabolism one to two decades after the pregnancy complicated by GDM.
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||Last Modified: 2016-03-27