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Friday, June 23rd, 2017
Table of Contents

1 Introduction
5 PMID
 [F] Diseases Research  / PubMed Research Articles  /
Comparison in executive function in Chinese preterm and full-term infants at eight months.

PubMed

 

Resource

Frontiers of medicine 2017 Jun 18; ()

Authors

Feng Y1; Zhou H2; Zhang Y3; Perkins A4; Wang Y5; Sun J6;

Author Information
  • 1Department of Child, Adolescent and Women's Health, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing, 100191, China.
  • 2Department of Child, Adolescent and Women's Health, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing, 100191, China.
  • 3Department of Child, Adolescent and Women's Health, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing, 100191, China.
  • 4Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, QLD 4222, Australia.
  • 5Department of Child, Adolescent and Women's Health, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing, 100191, China. wangyan@bjmu.edu.cn.
  • 6Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, QLD 4222, Australia. j.sun@griffith.edu.au.

Abstract

Executive function (EF) is increasingly recognized as being responsible for adverse developmental outcomes in preterm-born infants. Several perinatal factors may lead to poor EF development in infancy, and the deficits in EF can be identified in infants as young as eight months. A prospective cohort study was designed to study the EF in Chinese preterm infants and examine the relationship between EF in preterm infants and maternal factors during perinatal period. A total of 88 preterm infants and 88 full-term infants were followed from birth to eight months (corrected age). Cup Task and Planning Test was applied to assess the EF of infants, and the Bayley Scale of Infant Development (BSID-III) was used to evaluate cognitive (MDI) and motor abilities (PDI) of infants. In comparison with full-term infants, the preterm infants performed more poorly on all measures of EF including working memory, inhibition to prepotent responses, inhibition to distraction, and planning, and the differences remained after controlling the MDI and PDI. Anemia and selenium deficiency in mothers during pregnancy contributed to the differences in EF performance. However, maternal depression, hypertension, and diabetes during pregnancy were not related to the EF deficits in preterm infants. Future research should focus on the prevention of anemia and selenium deficiency during pregnancy and whether supplementing selenium in mothers during pregnancy can prevent further deterioration and the development of adverse outcomes of their offspring.



PMID

28625014

Others

Publication Type: Journal Article


This article is licensed under the the National Library of Medicine License. It uses material from the PubMed National Library of Medicine Data.


Last Modified:   2016-03-27


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