is a representation of something in an excessive manner. Words or expressions associated with exaggeration include:
Contexts of exaggeration include:
- boasting and bragging by
praise in the form of
- a type of
- amplifying achievements, obstacles and problems to
- magnifying small injuries or discomforts as an excuse to
- a form of
cognitive distortion called
- overemphasizing one issue and downplaying (
) the other to divert attention from it ??? see also
- inflation of the difficulty of achieving a goal after attaining it, possibly to improve
sense of self-importance observed in
- "self-dramatization, theatricality, and
expression of emotion" observed in those with those with
histrionic personality disorder and other
Cluster B personality disorders
- associated with
paranoid behavior ??? focusing on the worst possible outcome, however unlikely, or thinking that a situation is unbearable or impossible when it is really just uncomfortable.
- observed in
to amplify or
faults of the victim as a component of
victim blaming - see also
can refer to a
portrait that exaggerates or distorts the essence of a person or thing to create an easily identifiable visual likeness. In literature, a
is a description of a person using exaggeration of some characteristics and oversimplification of others.
Caricatures can be insulting or complimentary and can serve a political purpose or be drawn solely for entertainment. Caricatures of politicians are commonly used in
editorial cartoons, while caricatures of movie stars are often found in entertainment
Slapstick is a type of
comedy involving exaggerated physical violence and activities which exceed the boundaries of common sense. These exaggerated depictions are often found in children's cartoons, and light film comedies aimed at younger audiences.
Overacting is the exaggeration of
gestures and speech when
acting. It may be unintentional, particularly in the case of a bad
actor, or be required for the role. For the latter, it is commonly used in comical situations or to stress the
evil characteristics of a
villain. Since the perception of acting quality differs between people the extent of overacting can be subjective.
Paradoxical laughter is an exaggerated expression of humor which is unwarranted by external events. It may be uncontrollable laughter which may be recognised as inappropriate by the person involved.
Making a mountain out of a molehill
- "Blown out of proportion" or "Blown out of all proportion"
- "World War III has broken out"
- Duttmann, AG; Phillips, J
Philosophy of Exaggeration (Continuum Studies in Continental Philosophy)
- Clayer, JR; Bookless, C; Ross, MW
Neurosis and conscious symptom exaggeration: Its differentiation by the illness behaviour questionnaire
Journal of Psychosomatic Research Volume 28, Issue 3, 1984, Pages 237-241
- Demaree, HA; Schmeichel, BJ; Robinson, JL; Everhart, D. Erik
Behavioural, affective, and physiological effects of negative and positive emotional exaggeration
. Cognition and Emotion, Volume 18, Number 8, 2004, 1079-1097(19)
- Masterson, J; Dunworth, R; Williams, N
Extreme illness exaggeration in pediatric patients: A variant of
Munchausen's by Proxy
. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. Vol 58(2), Apr 1988, 188-195.
- McNicholas, F Slonims, V & Cass H Exaggeration of Symptoms or Psychiatric
Munchausen's Syndrome by Proxy
? Child and Adolescent Mental Health 2003 Volume 5 Issue 2, Pages 69 - 75
- Mittenberg, W; Patton, C; Canyock, EM; Condit, DC
Base rates of
malingering and symptom exaggeration.
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology. Vol 24(8), Dec 2002, 1094-1102.
- Mueller, J
Simplicity and spook: Terrorism and the dynamics of threat exaggeration
International Studies Perspectives, 2005
- Pieper, WJ
beliefs and deception in advertising
- 1976 - University of South Carolina.
- Sperling, OE
Exaggeration as a Defense.
Psychoanal Q., 32:553-548. (1963).
Magnification and Minimization
Cognitive Distortion #6: Magnification and Minimization
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