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March 26, 2016
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1 Introduction
breast neoplasm



This article deals with health related issues of the Breast.

Breast diseases can be classified either with disorders of the integuement, or disorders of the reproductive system. A majority of breast diseases are noncancerous.

A breast neoplasm is an abnormal mass of tissue in the breast as a result of neoplasia. A breast neoplasm may be benign, as in fibroadenoma, or it may be malignant, in which case it is termed breast cancer. Either case commonly presents as a breast lump. Approximately 7% of breast lumps are fibroadenomas and 10% are breast cancer, the rest being other benign conditions or no disease.

Phyllodes tumor is a fibroepithelial tumor which can either benign, broderline or malignant.

Malignant neoplasms (breast cancer)

Among women worldwide, breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer death. Breast self-examination (BSE) is an easy but unreliable method for finding possible breast cancer. Factors that appear to be implicated in decreasing the risk of, early diagnosis of. or reccurence of breast cancer are regular breast examinations by health care professionals, regular mammograms, self examination of breasts , healthy diet, and exercise to decrease excess body fat.

Also called: fibrocystic breast disease, Chronic cystic mastitis, Diffuse cystic mastopathy, Mammary dysplasia.

These may be caused among others by trauma, secretory stasis/milk engorgement, hormonal stimulation, infections or autoimmune reactions.

Repeated occurrence unrelated to lactation requires endocrinological examination.

  • bacterial mastitis

  • mastitis from milk engorgement or secretory stasis

  • mastitis of mumps

  • chronic subareolar abscess

  • tuberculosis of the breast

  • syphilis of the breast

  • retromammary abscess

  • actinomycosis of the breast

  • duct ectasia syndrome

  • breast engorgement

Abnormal nipple conditions include:

  • nipple discharge

  • inverted nipples

  • supernumerary nipples

  • supernumerary breasts (polymazia / polymastia) /duplicated nipples

  • gynecomastia (males)

  • Mondor???s disease

  • Paget's Disease of Breast

  • nipple discharge, galactorrhea

  • Breast cyst

  • Mastalgia

  • galactocoele

  • Mammary gland

Breast diseases

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "breast neoplasm".

Last Modified:   2010-11-25

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